06 November 2016

german Houses: The Ducal House of Nassau



The Ducal House of Nassau

House of Nassau 

The 1093 mentoned Dudo of Laurenburg is presumed progenitor of the House. The castle Laurenburg, a few kilometers upstream location of Nassau an der Lahn, was the seat of government of the Family, previously believed to be the place Lipporn. 1159 Nassau Castle became the seat of the Family, which has since been named after this castle.The counts of Laurenburg and Nassau advanced among the brothers Arnold I. of Laurenburg (1123-1148) and Ruprecht I (1123-1154), whose son Walram I. (1154-1198) and Walrams son Heinrich II., the rich ( 1198-1247) constantly their belongings in the space between Taunus and Westerwald on the lower and middle Lahn. Before 1128 they acquired the bailiwick of the Monastery Worms, which had a number of rights in the area, thus creating a connection between their heritage on the lower Lahn and their possession to Siegen. In the mid-12th century, this connection was strengthened with the acquisition of so-called Hessian-Thuringian Imperial fief, namely Herborner Mark, the Kalenberger centering and the Court Heimau (Löhnberg). Closely related to this was the "rule of the Westerwald," which also came at this time in Nassau possession. The late 12th century was acquired in the southwest with the Reichshof Wiesbaden an important base .
Heinrich II. sons Walram II. and Otto I divided their land in 1255 into two parts and their house in two lines, which are named after them Ottonian and Walramische line. Boundary line was essentially the Lahn, where Otto received the northern part of the country with Siegen, Dillenburg, Herborn and Haiger and Walram received the south of the river located part of the county with Weilburg and Idstein

The Walram line 

Walram's son Adolf was in 1292 elected as King of the Holy Roman Empire. He was succeeded by his sons Ruprecht VI. and Gerlach. I. In 1328 they inherited thy rule Idstein throught marriage and in 1353 also through marriage the County Saarbrücken. The sons of Gerlach I. Adolf I., Johann I. and Ruprecht VII. divided their posessions in 1355.



County of Nassau-Sonnenberg

In the divison of 1355 the youngest brother Ruprecht VII. got the county of Nassau-Saarbrücken. At first his older brother Kraft should have become Count of Nassau-Sonnenberg but he lost his life in the battle of Maupetuis in 1356. Count Ruprecht VII. had no descendants so in 1405 the County fell to Nassau-Wiesbaden-Istein and Nassau-Weilburg-Saarbrücken

Counts of Nassau-Sonnenberg
1355-1356 Kraft
1355-1390 Rupprecht VII.

County of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein

In the divison of 1355 the oldest brother Adolf I. got Wiesbaden and Idstein . He is the ancestor of the branch Nassau-Idstein. The Residence was Idstein. Adolf I. he let Burg Adolfseck build on the Aar. This he wore on the Archbishopric of Mainz fief. Basically the Idsteiner were due to the strong neighbor Katzenelnbogen and Eppstein hardly emerge as expansive power. Descendants were the archbishops of Mainz Adolf and Johann II. Walram II led near Idstein build Burg Wallrabenstein. From the decay of domination Eppstein since the mid-15th century the Idsteiner could not benefit as opposed to the Counts of Katzenelnbogen. Count  took first in the war against the Palatinate part on the part of the Mainz Archbishop Diether von Isenburg. He supported then however against the Isenburger his brother Adolf in the struggle for the Archbishop of Mainz Chair. As important as the different elections of members of the house to the Archbishop of Mainz Chair were so related conflicts and feuds weighed heavily on the powers of the county.The sons Adolf and Philipp were followers of Emperor Maximilian I. .

Counts of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein
1355-1370 Adolf I.
1370-1386 Gerlach I.
1386-1393 Walram II.
1393-1426 Adolf II.
1426-1480 Johann



After the death of Count Johann the area was divided. Philip got Idstein and Adolf III. Wiesbaden

County of Nassau-Idstein

In the divison of 1480 Philipp got Idstein. After his death in 1509 it fell to the County Nassau-Wiesbaden

Counts of Nassau-Idstein
1480-1509 Philipp

County of Nassau-Wiesbaden

In the divison of 1480 Adolf III got Wiesbaden. After the death of his brother Philipp in 1509 Idstein fell back to the County Nassau-Wiesbaden. Around 1542 under Count Philipp the Reformation was introduced in the County. In 1605 with the death of Count Johann Ludwig II. the line became extinct in the male line and the territory fell to Nassau-Weilburg

Counts of Nassau-Wiesbaden
1480-1511 Adolf III.
1511-1558 Philipp the older
1558-1566 Philipp the younger
1566-1568 Balthasar
1568-1596 Johann Ludwig I.
1596-1605 Johann Ludwig II.


County of Nassau-Weilburg-Saarbrücken

In the divison of 1355 the middle brother Johann got Weilburg.  Througj  this marriage a result, Nassau-Weilburg ran a successful territorial politics especially in left-bank area. There were also under Philip I. 1391 dominions Kirchheim and Stauf. The counts bought 1405 final Neuweilnau, were added Bingenheim, Reichelsheim, Altershausen, parts of Homburg, Löhnberg, Sonnenberg, Cleeberg and Mensfelden. The territory of the line Nassau-Weilburg comprised the County of Nassau-Weilburg. These included the offices Weilburg, Münster, Löhnberg, Merenberg, Kleeberg, Atzbach, Miehlen and Reichelsheim. Added to this was the office Kirchheim composed of the dominions Kirchheim and Stauf. The County of Saarwerden and the rule Alsenz belonged to Nassau-Weilburg.
After the death of Count Philipp I. in 1439 his widow had the gouvernship for her sons who where still minors. After the came of age in 1429 the Countty was divided. Philipp got Weilburg. Johann Saarbrücken

Counts of Nasau-Weilburg-Saarbrücken
1355-1371 Johann I.
1371-1439 Philipp I. 
1429-1442 Philipp II.
1429-1442 Johann II. 


County of Nassau-Saarbrücken

In the divison of 1442 Johann got the County Saarbrücken. His  possessions also included Commercy and Moley and other Barsche fief. Already in 1444 sold Johann its interests in the reign Commercy for 42,000 florins to Margrave Louis de Pont-à-Mousson, the son and governor of the Duke of Lorraine and Bar. Here he acquired on the other hand, the pledge shaft about Sarreguemines. After the death of Count Johann III. this line became extinct in the male line and the county fell to Nassau-Weilburg.

Counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken
1442-1472 Johann II.
1472-1545 Johann Ludwig I.
1545-1554 Philipp II.
1554-1574 Johann IIÍ.

County of Nassau-Weilburg (older line)

In the division of 1442 Philipp got Weilburg. The division meant a weakening of Nassau-Weilburg, which was subsequently barely able to operate an expansive territorial politics. During the early modern period Nassau-Weilburg belonged to the Upper Rhenish Circle. The counts belonged to the Wetterauischen Reichsgraf College. From 1526 the Reformation was introduced. While parts of the house Nassau were Calvinist later, Nassau-Weilburg was Lutheran. During the Thirty Years War the Nassauer had emerged as a supporter of Swedish King Gustav Adolf and the Heilbronner Federal. When the count in 1635 refused to sign the Treaty of Prague, they withdrew Emperor Ferdinand II. Their countries. The Nassau possession was made only with the Peace of Westphalia in 1648.
The Saarbrückjer line fell back to Weilburg in 1574 and so was Philip III.'s  grandson Ludwig II.  united again all walramischen lines in his hand.after he inherited also the posession of Wiesbaden-Idstein line  After his death, his three son Wilhelm Ludwig, Johann and Otto first reigned together and in 1929 the posessin where again divided.

Counts of Nassau-Weilburg
1442-1492 Philipp I
1492-1523 Ludwig I.
1523-1559 Philipp III.
1559-1593 Albrecht
1559-1602 Philipp IV.
1593-1627 Ludwig II.
1593-1597 Wilhelm
1593-1602 Johann Casimir
1627-1629 Wilhelm Ludwig
1627-1629 Johann 
1627-1629 Otto

County of Nassau-Idstein (younger line) 

In the division of 1629 Johann  got Idstein and founded the line Nassau-Idstein. To the possession belonged Idstein, Wiesbaden, Sonnenberg, the Weher basic and Burgschwalbach. The Nassau Counts were during the Thirty Years War Chain by Gustav Adolf of Sweden and members of the Federal Heilbronner. When they refused in 1635 to join the Peace of Prague, Ferdinand II confiscated their possessions.. The regent was therefore temporarily displaced and the country suffered from the effects of war. Only with the Peace of Westphalia, the property was restored. In 1651 came by a contract of inheritance rule Lahr in his possession. In the 17th century there was extensive witch-hunts.
Georg August was 1688 raised to a Fürst . However, so that no seat was connected to the imperial prince Bank of the Reichstag. He built the Biebrich Castgle in Wiesbaden and resided there mainly. The cost of his royal household exceeded the financial capacity of the small country. In its time, the establishment of a high school in Idstein fell. After his death in 1721 the line became extinct and the country fell to Nasau-Ottweiler

County of Nassau-Idstein
1629-1677 Johann
married first to Princess Sibylla Magdalena of Baden-Durlach
married second to Countess Anna of Leingen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
1677-1721 Georg August
married to Princess Henriette Dorothea zu Oettingen


County of Nassau-Saarbrücken (younger line)

In the division of 1629 Wilhelm Ludwig got Saarbrücken.  After his death in Metz exile in 1640 and the early death of his eldest son the younger sons Johann Ludwig, Gustav Adolf and Walrad divided the possessions of the family branch in 1659 among themselves. Johann Ludwig received the Office Ottweiler, Gustav Adolf Saarbrücken and Walrad who founded the line Nassau-Usingen. During the Thirty Years War the whole area was heavily damaged by war and depopulated entire regions. The population loss was at least 60-75% in the county. As the Duke of Lorraine was explicitly excluded from the Peace of Westphalia, in 1677 the Dutch War brought terrible devastation of the West Richs with itself, and France of 1680 the counties Saarbrücken and Saarwerden annexed to 1697 in the wake of his Reunionspolitik, the country was to end the 17th century. century could face further heavy loads.
The reconstruction of the country went reluctantly forward, but managed from the beginning of the 18th century, not least promoted by clever settlement policy of the Counts (French Huguenots and evangelical Austrians were repeatedly brought into the country, but also included Catholic immigrants).
1728 the whole county fell to the line Nassau-Usingen

County of Nassau-Saarbrücken
1629-1640 Wilhelm Ludwig
married to Countess Anna Amalie of Baden-Durlach
1640-1642 Kraft
1642- 1677 Gustaf Adolf
married to Countess Eleonore Klara of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein
1642-1659 Johann Ludwig
1642-1659 Walrad
1677-1713 Ludwig Kraft
married to Countess Philippine Henriette zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg
1713-1728 Karl Ludwig


County of Nassau-Ottweiler

In the divison of 1659 Johann Ludwig got the rule Ottweiler. Johann Ludwig refused to pay homage to the french King Louis XIV. For Ottweiler and Homburg, the government resigned, transferred the power in 1680 to his son Friedrich Ludwig (1651-1728) and went into the Nassau territories east of the Rhine. The small, only about 5 square mile county was then occupied from 1680 to 1697 French. Only with the peace of Rijswijk in 1697 the sovereignty of the county Ottweiler was restored. In 1721 Nassau-Idstein and 1723 Nassau-Saarbrücken fell to Ottweiler.

Counts of Nassau-Ottweiler
1640-1690 Johann Ludwig
married to Countess Palatine Dorothea Katharinaof Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler
1690-1728 Friedrich Ludwig
married first to Countess Christiana of Ahlefeld
married second to Countess Luise Sophie of Hanau.Lichtenfeld


County since 1688 Principality of Nassau-Usingen

In the division of 1659 Walrad got Usingen. In 1688 Count Walrad of Nassau-Usingen was raised to the rank of a Fürst. With the extinction of the lines fall in 1723 Saarbrücken, and in 1728 Ottweiler and Idstein back to Nassau-Usingen. 1735 Saarbrücken is divided again.
Residence of the House of Nassau-Usingen was the city Usingen im Taunus since 1659 Prince Walrad let there built a new castle. In 1744, Fürst Karl moved the residence in the Schloss Biebrich to Biebrich. Previously, the castle was used as a summer residence.
1806 joined Nassau-Usingen in the Rhine Confederation. In the same year Friedrich August of Nassau-Usingen was elevated to Duke. He puts his country along with the country of Fürst Wilhelm Wilhelm of Nassau-Weilburg. So it came to the Duchy of Nassau.

Countes since 1688 Fürsten of Nassau-Usingen
1659-1702 Walrad
married to Countess Catherine Francoise of Croÿ-Roeulx
1702-1718 Wilhelm Heinrich
marrief first to Counte4ss Charlotte Amalie of Nassau-Dillenburg
1718-1775 Karl
married to Princess Wilhelmine of Saxe-Eisenach
1775-1803 Karl Wilhelm
married to Countess Karoline Felicitas zu Leiningen-Langsberg-Heidesheim
1803-1806 Friedrich August

Principality of Nassau-Saarbrücken


In 1735 Saarbrücken was again split from Nassau-Usingen for Wilhelm Heinrich a son of Fürst Wilhelm Heinrich of Nassau-Usingen. . The residences of the country (especially the cities Saarbrücken and Ottweiler) were developed brilliantly by the royal architect Friedrich Joachim Stengel under the Fürsten Wilhelm Heinrich and Ludwig. To meet the increasing need for money of the court, after 1750 the profitable coal mines were nationalized and leased the ironworks to foreign companies. The Principality was in 1793 occupied by French revolutionary troops. The Princely family escaped to the unoccupied part of being liquidated Holy Roman Empire. Nassau-Saarbrücken was how the entire left bank of the Rhine, in 1798 and 1801 annexed to France.. The line became extinct in 1797 when the Hereditary Prince Heinrich died without Issue.

Fürsten of Nassau-Saarbrücken
1735-1768 Wilhelm Heinrich
married to Countess Sophie zu Erbach
1768-1794 Ludwig
married first to Princess Wilhelmine zu Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
marreid second (morganatic) to Katharina Kest

County since 1737 Principality of Nassau-Weilburg


In the division of 1629 Ernst Casimir got the Weilburg and founded the younger line Nassau-Weilburg. His grandson Johann Ernst was raised to a Prince of the Empire (Reiichsfürstenstand) but did not accept it. In 1737 Count Karl Georg accepted the Princely Title. The left-Rhine possessions were lost to France in the First War of Coalition, after the French Revolutionary Groups had occupied the left bank of the Rhine in October 1794; The cession of international law took place in 1801 in the peace of Lunéville. In the course of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss, the Fürst of Nassau-Weilburg was compensated for his lost left-Rhine possessions with the right-wing remnants of the Trier Archdiocese. In 1806, Nassau-Weilburg became a member of the Rheinbundes and merged with Nassau-Usingen to the Duchy of Nassau.

Counts since 1737 of Nassau-Weilburg
1629-1651 Ernst Casimir
married to Countess Anna Maria of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hachenburg
1651-1677 Friedrich
married to Countess Christiane Elisabeth of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Homburg
1677-1719 Johann Ernst
married to Countess Maria Polyxena of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hartenburg
1719-1753 Karl August
 married to Princess Augusta Friederike of Nassau-Idstein
1753-1788 Karl Christian
married first to Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau-Diez
1788-1806 Friedrich Wilhelm
married to Princess Luise of Sayn-Hachenburg

The ottonian line

In the divison of 1255 Count Otto received  the northern part of the country with Siegen, Dillenburg, Herborn and Haiger. After his death in 1289 his sons reigned first together before in 1303 the Country was split among them.


Nassau-Dillenburg

In the division of 1303 Count Johann giot Dillenburg. Herborn,. the march herbon and the Kalenberger zent. He fell in the battle of Wetzlar in the course of the Dernbacher Fehde in 1328, and his dominion Nassau-Dillenburg was inherited by Nassau-Siegen

Counts of Nassau-Dillenburg
1303-1328 Johann

Nassau-Hadamar older line

In the division of 1303 Count Emich got Nassau-Hadamr with Deriedrof and the Esterau. The possession of Driedorf was not without controversy, since it was a fief of the Landgrafschaft of Hesse, and between the landgraves and the Ottonian main line of the House Nassau a feud existed. It was not until 1316 that Emicho succeeded in acquiring the share of the Lords of Greifenstein at Driedorf for 250 marks. His son Johann initially continued his father's acquisition policy. In 1324 the lords of Westerburg pledged half of the Schaumburg to him. In 1337 he succeeded in acquiring the rule of Ellar with its four-cent, numerous localities and the district court of Count Gottfried von Diez for 1450 Mark Limburger money. From about 1348, on the other hand, Johann's policy was determined by divestments and pledges. Driedorf was pledged several times, and the reign of Ellar was bought back by the County of Diez before 1362, the half of Ems and Dausenau was pledged to Kurtrier in 1363, and the Franconian property around Burg Kammerstein was completely sold until 1364.
After the death of Count Heinrich, the Hadamarer  Disput of successions began.  Nominell was Emicho III. Count of Nassau-Hadamar until 1394. However, he was regarded as "stupid" and non-governmental and was exiled by his family in the monastery Arnstein.
The government in Hadamar took over Emich's brother-in-law Ruprecht VI. of Nassau-Sonnenberg, from the Walramian line of the house of Nassau.  who was married to Anna of Nassau-Hadamar, a daughter of Count Johann. At the same time Emich's cousin Johann I of Nassau-Dillenburg, as a senior of the Ottonian line, raised inheritance claims on the county.At the latest 1371 came an open break between Ruprecht VI. of Nassau-Sonnenberg and Johann I of Nassau-Dillenburg. Landgraf Henry II of Hesse supported Ruprecht and handed over to him and his wife Anna two-thirds of the court Driedorf, which had been confiscated by him the previous year, as a fief. Johann I. von Nassau-Dillenburg then joined the Starfleet against the Landgrave. On 06.06.1390, Johann and Ruprecht agreed again. Already a few months later on 04.11.1390 died Ruprecht VI. His widow Anna married again to Counter Diether VII. of Katzenelnbogen who soon raised his claims to Nassau-Hadamar.  As this marriage remained without children Anna's claim went to her stepson Johann IV. of Katzenelnbogen. After Anna's death in 1404, Johann I of Nassau-Dillenburg renewed his claim to the partial count. The new contest with a cat's bow was settled on 17 August 1405. Nassau-Dillenburg received a third, catelbow two thirds of the county. Since Hesse refused his consent to the Driedorfer Lehen, the settlement was changed in the arbitration to Bacherach on 28.07.1408. Instead of a third at Driedorf, Nassau-Dillenburg received a third of the rule of Ellar, which had meanwhile acquired the County of Katzenelnbogen from the County of Diez

Counts of Nassau-Hadamar
1303-1334 Emich I.
1334-1365 Johann I.
1365-1368 Heinrich
13656-1394 Emich III.

Nassau-Siegen from 1328 Nassau-Dillenburg

In the division of 1303 Count Heinrich III. got Nassau-Siegen with the Ginsterburg and the lhe rule of Westerwald. After the line Nassau-Dillenburg became extinct in 1328 he inherited their posession and changedf the name to Nassau-Dillenburg. After his death in 1343 his sons divied the posessions.  The older brother Otto received the larger part with the dominion area around Siegen and Dillenburg, Heinrich was with a relatively small part, the Kalenberger Zent around Beilstein and the dominion to the Westerwald resigned.
Under his son Johann I. the rise of Nassau-Dillenburg continued. By the marriage of his son Adolf with Jutta of Diez fell the in 1386 the county Diez 1386 to  Nassau-Dillenburg. However, only half of the county of Diez could be claimed, and one had to accept for them the feudal bishopliness of the bishop of Trier. In 1394, Nassau-Hadamar also fell to Nassau-Dillenburg.
It was of great importance for a long time that Johann I. married his son Engelbert to Johanna von Polanen, the heiress of the Count Polanen. As a result 1403/04 important possessions were acquired in the territory of the todays Netherlands, including the Poles, Leck, Breda and other areas. In the year 1420 they inherited the county Vianden in today's Luxembourg and further possessions.
Under the reign of Johann IV , the focus of the rule shifted more and more into the dutch possessions. These fell to his son Engelbert II. , while his brother Johann V  received Dillenburg. Since Engelbert did not leave any heirs, his nephew, Johann's son, Heinrich III.  which was able to considerably extend Nassau's influence in the Netherlands. By marrying Claudia of Chalon and Orange, he acquired the Principality of Orange in the South of France. Thire son of Renatus (1519-44), became the first Nassau to take the sovereign title of "Prince of Orange". Heinrich's brother Wilhelm, called the Riche inherited the Dillenburger posessions and introducded there until 1536 the Reformation. When the Breda line died out again, the oldest Dillenburg Prince resumed the legacy there. This was Wilhelms the rich son Wilhelm. The younger son Johann VI, called the Elder of Dillenburg, could, after the extinction of the older line of Beilstein in 1561, reconcile the entire Ottonian posession in his hand. In 1584 he founded the long-standing reformist High School Herborn. After his death, however, the country was again divided and the lines were created

Counts of Nassau-Siegen
1303-1328 Heinrich III.
Counts of Nassau-Dillenburg
1328-1343 Heinrich
1343-1350 Otto II.
1350-1416 Johann I.
1416-1420 Adolf
1420-1448 Johann II.
1420-1442 Engelbert I.
1448-1475 Johann IV.
1475-1504 Engelbert II.
1504-1516 Johann V.
1516-1538 Heinrich III.
1538-1559 Wilhelm I. the riche
1559-1606 Johann VI. 


Nassau-Orange


After the Breda line died out Wilhelm  the rich's son Wilhelm I. , the "Wilhelmus of Nassau" of the same member of the same name and the later Dutch national anthem got the dutch posessions. As a Stadtholder of the Netherlands, he and his sons Philipp Wilhelm, Moritz  and Friedrich Heinrich led them into independence in the war of liberation from 1568 to 1648. His great-grandson  William III, The "last orange", got in 1688  the English crown together with his wife Mary II. Stuart. After her death in 1694 he continued to reign as english King. When he died inm 1702 without Issue the emnglich crown went to his sister-in-law Anne and his dutch heritage fell to the Nassau-Diez line

Prince's of Orange, Counts of Nasau-Breda,
1545-1584 Willem I. the silent , Stadtholder of Holland, Sealand and Utrecht
married first to Countess Anna of Egmont
married second (divorced) to Princess Anna of Saxony
married third to Charlotte de Bourbon-Montpeniser
marrríed fourth to Louise de Coligny
1584-1625 Moritz, Stadtholder of Holland, Zealand, Guelders, Overijssel, Utrecht, Groningen and Drenthe
1625-1645 Frederick Hendrik, Stadtholder of Holland, Zealand, Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel
married to Countess Amalia of Solms-Braunfels
1645-1650 Willem II., Stadtholder of Holland, Zealand, Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel
married to Mary Stuart, Princess Royal of England, Scotland and Ireland
1650-1702 Willem III, Stadtholder of Holland, Zealand, Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel, since 1688 together with his wife King of England, Scotland and Ireland
married to Mary II. Stuart. Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland

Nassau-Beilstein

In the divison of 1341 Count Heinrich I. got Beilstein and the county Nasau-Beilstein was founded. Therefore Beilstein, which had already been granted city rights on 18.02.1321 and whose castle the Nassau counts began to expand from 1320 onwards, became the capital and administrative center of the eastern Westerwald. In the reign of the Westerwald, Nassau-Beilstein first had to contend with Westerburg. The counts received little income from the small territory of the region. Parts of the country had to be pledged repeatedly. The low income prevented a sustainable expansion of the rule by acquiring new territories. Likewise, extensive inheritance claims could not be enforced against other dynasties.  Inheritace claims  for the Isenburg-Grenzau domination.could noit be realized do to he early death of Count Philipp  in the Soester Feuds From the inheritance of the Johanna of Gemen († 1450/51), Heinirch  IV received the dominion Gemen. The house Nassau-Beilstein, however, could not hold this acquisition against the counts of Holstein-Schauenburg. As only gains remained the village of Niedernhausen, which Maria von Solms brought into marriage with Johann II in 1492, and the former sayn-dominations in the dominion of the Westerwald. The collaboration with electoral Cologne  developed more successfully for Nassau-Beilstein. Numerous members of the House were in the service in Cologne. Especially Heinrich III. reached an outstanding position as the archdeacon of the Cologne Cathedral. This enabled the counts to acquire far-reaching pledges throughout the electoral state , with a focus on Linz on the Rhine. It was not, however, possible to integrate these deposits into the county of Nassau-Beilstein.With the death of Johann III, who had only illegitimate descendants, the first line Nassau-Beilstein became extinct in 1561, and the county fell back to Nassau-Dillenburg.

Counts of Nassau-Beilstein 
1343-1378 Heinrich I.
1378-1413 Heinrich II.
1378-1418 Reinhard (co-regent of Heinrich II.)
1412-1473 Johann I.
1425-1477 Heinrich III. (co-regent)
1473-1499 Heinrich IV.
1499-1513 Johann II.
1513-1561 Johann III.
1513-1556 Bernhard (co-regent)

After the death of Count Johann VI. of Nassau-Dillenburg his  son divided the posession on 31.03.1608 and the following lines emerged


County since 1650 Principality of Nassau-Hadamar younger line


When founded, the county included the Hadamar, Ellar and the Esterau offices as well as a quarter of Camberg, Altweilnau and Kirberg. After the death of Wilhelm-Ludwig of Nassau-Dillenburg, the Ottoman-Nassau countries were redistributed in 1620, and Johann Ludwig  won the offices of the chairy (Rennerod) and Mengerskirchen. As Count of Nassau-Hadamar, Johann Ludwig was anxious to consolidate his rule. In 1613 he acquired half of Altweilnau. In 1620 he succeeded in acquiring Maienburg from the Mudersbach family. With the "Probacher exchange" he received the villages of Dillhausen and Probbach against his district of Camberg on 08.05.1628 from Nassau-Diez. In 1631 he transferred his share of Altweilnau to Nassau-Saarbrücken and in return received the Walramische part of the Esterau. During the Thirty Years' War, considerable war-induced enlargements occurred. In 1637, the office of Merenberg was acquired by Nassau-Weilburg. He lost these acquisitions with the peace conclusion, however. From Leiningen-Westerburg he bought the church play Seck 1637 and the church play Willmenrod 1644.  In 1643 he sold the Esterau and in the same year he acquired the Kirchspiel Neunkirchen from Nassau-Weilburg in the same year. The acquisition of Obertiefenbach in 1649 by the Wied-Runkel County rounded off the consolidation policy. In the course of the thirty years war, the Ottonian main line of the House of Nassau fell into disgrace with Emperor Ferdinand II, as the Calvinist counts supported the aims of the Reformed. In 1629 Johann Ludwig von traveled to the imperial court in Vienna, where he succeeded in securing the possessions of the Ottonian main line: he carried out the change from Calvinist to Catholic faith. Under Moritz Heinrich Nassau-Hadamar exchanged the Kirchspiel Wilmenrod in 1667 against the villages Wilsenroth and Pottum with Leiningen-Westerburg. With the death of Fürst Franz Alexander in 1711 the line Nassau-Hadamr became extinct in the male line.
The countryliness over the Principality fell to the remaining lines of the ottonian line of  the House of Nassau. After an initial joint administration the property was divided on 20.11.1717: Nassau-Siegen (catholic) and Nassau-Siegen (reformed) each received a sixth, Nassau-Dillenburg and Nassau-Diez each received a third. The distribution was carried out by lot. It was not until 1728 that the Emperor approved the division. The division was changed several times and remained unchallenged. Amongst other things, the deaths of Nassau-Siegen (reformed) and Nassau-Dillenburg (1739) were initiated. From 19.02.1742, Fürst Wilhelm Hyazinth of Nassau-Siegen was the sole possessor of the entire principality of Nassau-Hadamar.

Counts since 1650 Fürsten of Nassau-Hadamar
1607- 1653 Johann Ludwig
married to Countess Ursula of Lippe-Detmold
1653-1679 Moritz Heinrich 
married first to Countess Ernestine Charlotte of Nassau-Siegen 
married second to Countess Marie Leopoldine of Nassau-Siegen
married third to Countess Anna Ludovica of Manderschied-Blankenhain
1679-1711 Franz Alexander
married to Princess Elisabeth Katharine Felicitias of Hesse-Rhinfels-Rotenburg
 

County of Nassau-Siegen

In the division of  1608 Count Johann I. got Siegen where he reigned as Count Johann VII.  

After the death of Count Johann VII. in 1628 the country was split.
  • His eldest son, Johann VIII, who had converted to Catholicism, received the part of the county south of the river Sieg and the original castle in Siegen
  • The younger son Johann Moritz who remained Protestant, received the part of the county north of the Sieg.
County since 1664 Principality of Nassau-Siegen (reformed line) 

Count Johann Moritz receveived in the division of 1628 received the part of the county north of the Sieg.Johann Moritz spent most of his time away from Siegen, since he was governor of Dutch Brazil and later of the Prussian province of Cleves, Mark and Ravensberg. Between 1638 and 1674, his brother Georg Friedrich ruled the Protestant part of the country. In 1663 Cpunt Georg Freidrich was raised to the rank of a Fürst of the Empire (Reichsfürstenstand).
After Fürst Friedrich Wilhelm II. had died without male Issue in 1734 the protestant part of Nassau-Siegen was united with the catholic part.

Counts since 1664 Fürsten of Nassau-Siegen (reformed line)
1609-1623 Johann VII.
married first to Countess Magdalena of Waldeck
married second to Princess Margaretha of Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön
1623-1638 Jphann VIII.
married to Princess Yolande de Ligne
1638-1674 Georg Moritz
married to Infanta Maurita Eleonora of Portugal
1674-1679 Johann Moritz
1679-1691 Wilhelm Moritz
married to Countess Ernestine Charlotte of Nassau-Dillenburg
1609-1699  Johann Franz Desideratus
married first to Countess Johann Claudia of Königsegg-Rothenfels-Aulendorf
married second to Princess Maria Eleonora Solphia of Baden-Baden
married third to Baroness Isabella Claire Eugénie du Paget de la Serre
1691-1722 Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf
married first to Princess Elisabeth of Hesse-Homburg
married second to Princess Amalie Luise of Courland
1722-1734 Friedrich Wilhelm II.
married to Countess Sophie Polyxena Concórdia of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein


County since 1652 Principality of Nassau-Siegen (catholic line)

In the division of 1628 Count Johann VIII, who had converted to Catholicism, received the part of the county south of the river Sieg and the original castle in Siegen. In 1652, his son Johann Franz Desideratus line was elevated to a Fürst of the Empire (Reichsfürstenstand. After the death of Fürst Friedrich Wilhelm II. of the reformed line Nassau-Siegen was again united. After Fürst Wilhelm Hyacinth Nassau-Siegen had died out in the male line, and the territory fell to Prince Willem IV of the Orange-Nassau-Dietz line, who thereby reunited all the lands of the Ottonian line of the House of Nassau.

Counts since 1652 Fürsten of Nassau-Siegen (catholic line)
1638.1699 Johann Franz Desideratus
married first to Countess Johann Claudia of Königsegg-Rothenfels-Aulendorf
married second to Princess Maria Eleonora Solphia of Baden-Baden
married third to Baroness Isabella Claire Eugénie du Paget de la Serre
1699-1734 Wilhelm Hyacinth
married to Princess Maria Francisca of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg
married second to Pricness Maria Anna of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst
married third to Countess Maria Eva Sophie of Starhemberg

County of Nassau-Dillenburg

In 1607 Count  Wilhelm Ludwig got Dillenburg with Haiger and Herborn. As he had no issue this line became after his death in 1620 again extinct.

Counts of Nassau-Dillenburg
1607-1620 Wilhelm Ludwig
married to Princess Anna of Orange-Nassau 



County of Nassau-Beilstein

In the division of 1607 Count Georg got Nassau-Beilstein. On the basis of an agreement he made in 1618 with his next brother Johann, he inherited Nassau-Dillenburg in 1620 after the death of his brother Wilhelm Ludwig. He moved back to Dillenburg and became the founder of the new line Nassau-Dillenburg

Counts of Nassau-Beisltein
1607-1620 Georg

County since 1654 Principality of Nassau-Dillenburg 


On the basis of an agreement he made in 1618 with his next brother Johann, Count Georg of Nassau-Beilstein  inherited Nassau-Dillenburg in 1620 after the death of his brother Wilhelm Ludwig. He moved back to Dillenburg and became the founder of the new line Nassau-Dillenburg. His son Ludwig Heinricbh was in 1652 raied to an Fürst of the Empire (Reichsfürstenstand). In 1730 Fürst Christian died without male Issue. As consequenz Nassau-Dillenburg was inherited by Nassau-Dietz.

Counts since 1652 Fürsten of Nassau-Dillenburg 
1620-1623 Georg
married first to Countess Anna-Amalia of Nassau-Saarbrücken
married second to Countess Amalia of Sayn-Wittgenstein
1623-1662 Ludwig Heinrich
married first to Countess Katharina of Sayn-Wittgenstein
married second to Countess Elisabeth of Salm
married third to Princess Sophie Magdalena of Nassau-Hadamar
1654-1676 Adolf
married to Charlotte von Holzapfel
1676-1701 Heinrich
married to Princess Dorothea Elisabeth of Brieg
1701-1724 Johann II.
married to Princess Dorothea Johanna of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön
1724-1739 Christian
married to Princess Isabella Charlotte of Nassau-Dietz
 
County since 1655 Principality of Nassau-Diez

In the division of 1607 Count Ernst Casimir and founded the line Nassau-Diez. Count Wilhelm friedrich was in 1652 raised tio an Fürst of the Empire (Reichsfürstenstand). In the 17th the acquired century the county of Spiegelberg on the river Weser. In 1711 Nassau-Hadamar fell to Nassau-Diez  It followed in 1739 Nassau-Dillenburg and 1742/43 Nassau-Siegen. As early as 1702 Nassau-Oranien had come to Nassau-Diez. The counts of Nassau-Diez therefore called themselves Princes of Nassau-Orange. With this they combined all the lines of the Ottoman branch of the house of Nassau in one hand. Since 1747 the herreditars Stadtholders of the Netherlands and resided in The Hague. The Princes administered the princes by a German Cabinet. Since 1742 a central administration existed in Dillenburg. All the left-hand Rhine possessions were lost to France between 1795 and 1801. The house received as compensation in the course of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss among other things the Hochstift Fulda, Dortmund, Corvey and other areas as Principality of Orange. In the year 1806, these areas of the Rhine were lost as a result of the formation of the Rheinbund. The County of Nassau-Diez fell to the Duchy of Nassau and the Grand Duchy of Berg. In the course of the liberation wars, Prince Willem of Orange got back   his possessions in 1813, but as early as 1815 he, now King of the Netherlands, transferred his German possessions to Prussia, and in return received the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The line became extinct in the male line with King Willem III. on 23.11.1890 as his sons from his first marriage al had died before him and without leaving Issue.  As the result of a inheritance contract from, 1783 the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg was then inherited by Duke Adolph of Nassau from the walram line. On the dutch Throne he was followed by his daughter Wilhelmina from  his second marriage.  Until she became 1u she was under the regency of her mother Queen Emma. She and her descendants continue to use the name Orange-Nassau although the line has become extinct in the male line.

Counts since 1655 Fürsten of Nassau-Diez
1607-1632 Ernst Casimir, Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
married to Princess Sophie Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolffenbüttel
1632-1640 Heinrich Casimir I., Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
1640-1664 Wilhelm Friedrich, Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
married to Princess Albertine Agnes of Orange-Nassau
1664-1696 Heinrich Casimir II., Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
married to Princess Henrietta Amalia of Anhalt-Dessau
1696-1711 Johan Willem Friso, Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, since 1702 also Prince of Orange
married to Princess Marie Louise of Hesse-Cassel
1711-1751 Wilem, IV. also Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the Netherlands
married to Anne, Princess Royal of Great Britain and Ireland
1751-17806 Willem V., Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the Netherlands
married to Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia

King's of the Netherlands, Grand Duke's of Luxembourg
1815-1840 Willem I.
married first to Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia
married second (morganatic) to Countess Henriette d'Oultremont
1840-1849 Willem II.
married to Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia
1849-1890 Willem III.
married first to Princess Sophie of Württemberg
married second to Princess Emma zu Waldeck and Pyrmont

King's/Queen's of the Netherlands
1890-1948 Wilhelmina
marred to Duke Heinrich zu Mecklenburg (-Schwerin)
1948-1980 Juliana
married to Prince Bernhard zur Lippe-Biesterfeld
1980-2013 Beatrix
married to Claus von Amsberg
2013-    Willem-Alexander
married to Máxima Zorreguieta

The present members of the dutch Royal Family


  • Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands, etc.
    married to Prince Bernhard zur Lippe-Biesterfeld
    her daughters have the Titles Princess f the Netherlands, pricne of Orange-Nassau, Princess zur Lippe-Biesterfeld

    • Beatrix, Queen of the Netherlands etc.
      married to Claus von Amsberg
      Her sons have the Title Prince of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer van Amsberg
      • Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands etc.
        married to máxima Zorreguieta
        His daughters habve the Titles Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau
        • Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange
        • Aexia
        • Ariane
      • Friso
        married (not dynastic) to Mabel Wisse-Smit
        His daughters have the Titles Countess of Orange-Nassau, Jonkvrouw van Amsberg
        • Luana
        • Zaria
      • Constantijn
        married to Laurentien Brinkhorst
        His children have the Titles Count/Countess of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer/Jonkvrouw van Amsberg.
        • Eloise
        • Claus-Casimir
        • Leonore
    • Irene
      married (not dynastic) (divorced) to Duke Carlos Hugo of Parma and Piacenza etc.
    • Margriet
      married to Pieter van Vollenhoven
      Her sons have the personal Title Prince of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven
      • Maurits
        married to Marilène van den Broek
        • Descendants
      • Bernhard
        married to Annette Sekreve
        • Descendants
      • Pieter-Christiaan
        married to Anita van Eijk
        • Descendants
      • Floris
        married to Aimée Söhngen
        • Descendants
    • Christina
      marreid (not dynastic) (divorced) to Jorge Guillermo
       
 


 




Duchy of Nassau

On 30.08.1806  Nassau-Usingen and Nassau-Weilburg where united to an overall state, the Duchy of Nassau. The residences were transferred from Usingen and Weilburg to Biebrich (1926 after Wiesbaden) to Biebrich Castle. In the same year, the two states joined the Rheinbund, where Friedrich August, as head of the House, received the Duke's dignity and thus the Duchy of Nassau. For the loss of the parts of the Rhine (Saarbrücken) to France, the duchy was considerably compensated for. In 1813, and finally in the Congress of Vienna, the Principalities of Diez, Hadamar and Dillenburg were added. For the first time since 1255, all German Nassau countries - with the exception of Siegens - were once again united in one hand. Heir to the remaining Walrian lines - the Usinger and the Weilburg - was Wilhelm von Nassau-Weilburg, who became a regent of the Duchy as Wilhelm I.  The government seat was Wiesbaden, which had been a resident residence since 1734. Duke Adolph lost his country after the German War 1866 to Prussia.

Dukes of Nassau
1806-1816 Friedrich August
married to Princess Luise of Waldeck and Pyrmont
1816-1839 Wilhelm
married first to Princess Luise of Saxe-Hildburghausen
married second to Princess Pauline of Württemberg
1839-1866 Adolph
married first to Grand Duchess Elisbeth Michailovna of Russia
married second to Princess Adelheid Marie of Anhalt-Dessau

After the House of Orange-Nassau became extinct in the Netherlands in the male line on 23.11.1890, Adolph became the Grand Duke of Luxembourg on the basis of an inheritance contract from 1783. As Grand Duke Weilhelm IV. had six daughters but no sons in 1907 an amendment was made to the House Law to allow his oldest daughter to succeed him as Grand Duchess. AS a result of his marriage to the catholic Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal his daughters where raised in the catholic faith resulting in the fact that this line is no catholic. Grand Duchess Marie Adelaide had to abdicate on 15.01.1919 on the advice of Parliament and after enormous pressure from the Luxembourgish people because of her perceived support for the German occupation forces which had led to great unpopularity in Luxembourg as well as neighbouring France and Belgium. She was succeeded by her younger sister Charlotte who managed to save the monarchy. Although the walram line of the House of Nassau has become extinct in the male line her descendants continue to use the Name of Nassau and the Title Prince/Princess of Nassau for the junio members of the Family.

Grand Duke's of Luxembourg/Duke's of Nassau
1890-1905 Adolph
married first to Grand Duchess Elisabeth Michailovna of Russia
married second to Princess Adelheid Marie of Anhalt-Dessau
1905-1912 Wilhelm IV.
married to Maria Anna of Braganza, Infanta of Portugal
1912-1919 Marie Adélaide
1919-1964 Charlotte
married to Prince Félix of Bourbon of Parma
1964-2000 Jean
married to Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium
2000-    Henri
married to Maria Teresa Mestre

The present members of the Grand Ducal Family

The present members have the Titles Prince/Princess of Luxembourg, Prince/Princess of Nassau with the style of Royal Highness. In 1995 the Title Prince/Princess of Luxembourg was limited to the children of the Grand Duke and the Hereditary Grand Duke.

  • Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Duchess of Nassau
    married to Prince Felix of Bourbon of Parma
    • Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau
      • Marie Astrid
        married to Archduke Carl Christian of Austria
      • Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau
        married to Maria Teresa Mestre
        • Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg
          married to Comtesse Stéphanie de Lannoy
        • Félix
          married to Claire Lademacher
          • Amalia
        • Louis
          married (not dynastic) to Tessy Antony
          • Gabriel
          • Noah
        • Alexandra
        • Sebastien
      • Jean
        married first (not dynastic) (divorced)n to Hélène Vestur
        married second (not dynastic) to Diane de Guerre
        from the first marriage:
        • Marie-Gabrielle
        • Constantin
        • Wenceslas
        • Carl-Johan
      • Margaretha
        married to Prince Nikolaus of Liechtenstein
      • Guillaume
        married to Sibilla Weiller
        • Paul-Louis
        • Léopold
        • Charlotte
        • Jean
    • Elisabeth
      married to Duke Franz Ferdinand of Hohenberg
    • Marie Adélaide
      married to Count Karl Joseph Henckel of Donnersmarck
    • Marie Gabrielle
      married to Lensgrave Knud of Holstein.-Ledreborg
    • Charles
      married to Joan Douglas Dillon
      • Charlotte
        married to Marc-Victor Cunningham
      • Robert
        married (not dynastic) to Julie Ongaro
        • Charlotte
        • Alexandre
        • Frederik
    • Alix

      TRH Grand Duke Henri and
      Grand Duchess Maria Teresa

      married to Prince Antoine de Ligne
     

 







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