26 January 2014

german Houses. The Princely House of Schwarzburg


The Princely House  of Schwarzburg,
until 1909 of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt



House of Schwarzburg


Ancestor of this line is Count Albrecht VII. of Schwarzburg, one of the sons of Count Günther XL. In 1571 the first so-called first schwarzburgische country division was written in the Treaty of Speyer. As a consequence, Albrecht and his brother Günther and ruled the Upper County  (cities Rudolstadt and Arnstadt) and Johann Günther and Wilhelm the Lower County (cities Sondershausen and Frankenhausen). The joint government of Albrecht and Günther in the Upper County did not succeed  so that the sovereignty was divided again . Albrecht had his residence then in Rudolstadt and Günther in Arnstadt. Albrecht survived his brothers , two died childless. Günther in 1583 , Johann Günther 1586 and Wilhelm in 1597.  Johann Günther had sons with whom Albrecht negotiated and entered into an agreement in Stadtilm. So in 1599 two new tailored territories were formed, which existed for over 300 years virtually unchanged. The two counties Schwarzburg-Sondershausen and Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt  developed about 100 years later into principalities. Albrecht as Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt now had possession at Rudolstadt and Frankenhausen. In contrast, among the areas around Sondershausen and Arnstadt now belonged to the county Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen. Count Albrecht VII. died on 10.04.1605 and his oldest son Karl Günther reigned over the County with the Agreement of his brothers. In 1612 it came to a turing Point in the County.
  • Karl Günther, he received in the Partition in 1612 the part Rudolstadt. In 1609 he led build a school in Rudolstadt, which was inaugurated in 1611. In 1613 he married  Princess Anna Sophia of Anhalt,  a daughter of Fürst Joachim Ernst von Anhalt. Together with his wife he was a great patron of Wolfgang Ratke.
  • Ludwig Günther, he got in the Partition in 1612 the Frankenhäuser part with the residence Frankenhausen. In the Erfurter comparision in 1624 he exchanged his part with his brother Ludwig Günther and moved in 1625 to the resdence Stadtlim. After the death of the oldest brother in 1630 he got in another divison compariision from 24.11.1631 the part of Rudolstadt. After the death of Albrecht Günther in 1634 he reigned the County alone
  • Albrecht Günther he received in the Partition in 1612 the ilmsche part with the residence in Stadtilm. In the Erfurter comparision in 1624 he exchanged his part with that of his brother Ludwig Günther and moved in 1625 to Frankenhausen.  After the death of the oldest brother in 1630 he got in another divison comparision from 24.11.1631 the part of Blankenburg.

When in 1646 the last of the 3 brothers, Count Ludwig Günther, the only one who had male Issue, died his only son Albert Anton was still a minor. Therefore Count Ludwig Günthers widow  Emilie took over the guardianshipo for her son. Count Albert Anton  took over the government from his mother in 1662. Three years later he married the famous poet of hymns Countes Emilie Juliane of Barby and Mühlingen.  With her he had two children . In the same year he promoted Ahasuerus Fritsch initially for office director and in 1687 to  chancellor of the small country of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. In addition to the business of government he devoted himself to the sciences and to have been motivated by a quest this lift in his country in every possible way and to facilitate access to the same by a number of charitable foundations.In 1697  the Emperor Leopold I. raised Count Albert Anton to the rank of an Fürst of the Empire (Reischsfürstenstand) and the County of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt to an Imperial  Principality. Albert Anton did not take the incvrease of his rank  however . The main reason was his religious , pietistic focused on modesty orientation especially after the sudden death of his favorite sister Ludmilla Elisabeth . He also wanted to avoid confrontations with the Ernestinians who had spoken out the raise of the Schwarzburg to the rank of Princes of the Empire (Reichsfürstenstand). 1697/98 the hunting lodge  Rathsfeld wa built in the Kyffhäuser in simple baroque forms. In him was  among other things , a three-storey chapel whose circumferential main gallery was supported by 12 colossal pillars and had a separate musicians loft in the roof space. In 1705 Count Albert Anton was appointed imperial commissioner and tasked with the acceptance of the imperial tribute in the free imperial cities Mühlhausen and Goslar by the Emperor. Then , two commemorative coins were minted. 1710, the survey was pronounced again in the imperial princes . With the Imperial Princesletter dated 02.06.1710  his son Ludwig Friedrich was finally raised to an  imperial Prince (Reichsfürstentand).  .This was when Count  Albert Anton was still alive and  was not communicated to the outside. Count Allbert Anton died on 15.12.1710 and was succeeded by his only son Ludwig Friedrich I.  who took over the publication of the 1710 re-pronounced elevation of the line Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt to the rank of  imperial Princes. His father had adopted it, although in the same year, but not made ​​public.   Ludwig Friedrich described himself as Fürst from the 15.04.1711. Count Albert Anton trusted his son the business of government to even years before his death . He had been sent  accompanied by Hofmeister John of Asseburg from May 1687 until October 1688 on an educational trip . During it he  was received at Versailles castle Lby King Louis XIV.  In addition he could seek further important European rulers such as Emperor Leopold I. in Vienna . Special mention is also the meeting with Duke Friedrich I of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg in Paris  the father of his future wife Anna Sophia. The marriage took place later on 15.20.1691 at Friedenstein Castle in Gotha . The marriage produced 13 children , including 2 later Regents of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.Fürst Ludwig Frierich I. changed the administration of the country. The administrative structure of absolutism was implemented. Georg Ulrich von Beulwitz was chief magistrate in the Principality . Ludwig Friedrich played with the idea to move the French model of the Sun King 's residence to Schwarzburg . However, financial constraints made ​​it impossible this project . Fürst  Ludwig Freidrich I. died on 24.06.1718.   Because in 1713 the Primogenitur had been introduced in the Schwarzburg principlaites his oldest son Friedrich Anton succeeded him as Fürst. Friedrich Anton had been raised mainly by his grandparent, Count Albert Anton and his wife. Friedrich Anton was stopped to faith and trained in a variety of sciences. He was especially inspired by the poetry and wrote poems himself . Between 1716 and 1731 it came to Balisiusschen land dispute. This is named after the Wittenberg Attorney Johann Georg Balisius . In the Principality  the taxes should be increased. Therefore, it came in 1716 to  riots . The people fought by legal means  however, and demanded the reduction of taxes. A court decision in 1731 fell out of the purposes of the Princely House  and the subjects were not able to enforce their demands. Fürst Friedrich Anton said to the establishment of civil peace among the people of an amnesty . The risk of renewed riots remained . Friedrich Anton barely noticed his office. Chancellor George Ulrich of Beulwitz was solely responsible . This fact was well known among the people. The sovereign commented critically on the power of his high officials. Also he took the view that there had been in the past shortcomings in the treatment of subjects. In 1727  Friedrich Anton gave two Jewish families in Immenrode in the sub-rule of the principality of a letter of protection.  By 1737 another nine jewish families could settle there  according to which the place developed into the the largest Jewish community in the Principality in the 18th and 19th Century. 1732 came in Rudolstadt in 2000 Salzburg exiles who received with ringing bells  and were catered for houses . In the presence of the Princely Court  a service for the Protestant religious refugees was held in the town church, then further subjected mainly about Uhlstedt . By your actions, Friedrich Anton corresponded to the written request of King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia, who shouted through his emigration patent of 1731 , and his invitation patent of 1732 , the Salzburg to Prussia , and had asked the prince to reach the poor emigrants shelter and Haußmann food . The extent of the expenses will only be apparent when the exiles who arrived in trains of about 1,000 people , the population of Rudolstadt faces , 1732 amounted to only 540 people .Friedrich Anton had to process various misfortunes. His wife Sophie Wilhelmine died in 1727 His brother Prince Wilhelm Ludwig always made ​​debt, which the Fürst affected indirectly. In addition, fire broke in 1726 at Schwarzburg Caslte and in 1735 Heidecksburg Castle . The costs incurred were significant. The fire in July 1735 had two wings of Heidecksburg detected that burned to the ground floor . Friedrich Anton had built a prestigious development, with the Great Hall from May 1737. 1741 the bust of the Fürst was placed over the main gate of the courtyard and completed the construction in 1744 . The completion of the west wing of Heidecksburg in November 1744 was not experienced by Fürst Friedrich Anton as he died on 01.09.1744. His successor became his only son Johann Friedrich. He mainly continued the exterior renovations at Heidecksburg Castle made by his father and continued inside  the  decoration with frescoed ceilings and lintels . The around 1750 by Gottfried Heinrich Krohne finished ballroom one today scoring the most important internal architectures of the Rococo in Germany State Hall was created.  The destroyed in the fire of 1735 music collection, let the Fürst replace by the construction of a new collection , which he especially Georg Gebel committed , set to music at least 9 opera libretti and some 100 symphonies, partitas and concerts, for which he was the title of a concert- master, 1750 titles Capell - Meister was awarded by the Prince in 1746. In 1754 Christian Gotthelf Scheinpflug beame new court musican  and composed for all court events. In 1746  Johann Friedrich founded the theological seminary and pursued the establishment of a sizable public library. He has enhanced its collections through his private library and set it down in 1751 to the public once a week. The holdings of the in 1748 founded Princely Public Library Rudolstadt he made through the purchase of scientific literature, but also many valuable books, including incunabula and oriental manuscripts , greatly improve . They are now mostly part of the city Rudolstadt Historical Library, part of the castle library Heidecksburg. Fürst Johann Friedrich issued on 04.10.1760 Georg Heinrich Macheleid the privilege for a porcelain factory , where he remained as co-CEO and exists still as oldest Volkstedter porcelain factory until today. The Fürst sponsored the Commercial accordance with the teachings of mercantilism . On 20.01.1764 on the occasion of the centenary of the putative high school school building officially explain to high school and this Friedericianum Add an apprenticeship of mathematics and natural philosophy . Fürst Johann Friedrich died on 10.07.1767. As from his marrriage to Ptrincess Bernhardine of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach he left only  only two daughters, in 1767 his uncle succeeded him as Fürst Ludwig Günther II in the government. His son  Hereditary Prince Friedric Karl had married in 1763 Johann Friedrich's eldest daughter Friederike.  The new Fürst Ludwig Günther II. was already 59 years. As hew as from 1726at the second place in the line of succession he was one of the  apanaged Princes. . The government transactions were done by Chancellor Christian Ulrich of Ketelholdt . The Fürst had a good relationship to him  and a regular social contact was maintained. Thus, the de facto regency was settled by the Chancellor. The Fürst had various occupations , among other things, he was very passionate about horses. 1778 put Fürst Ludwig Günther II with the establishment of a court library in the west wing of the Heidecksburg the foundation for today's about 7,000 books comprehensive castle library.  In addition wallet works that brought he from Italy, he also buyed works of renowned artists. In 1784 he gave  three jewish Families who had moved from Dessau a trade concession  thus creating the basis for the emergence of a Jewish community in Rudolstadt. Fürst Ludwig Günther II. died on 29.08.1790 and his only son Friedrich Karl succeeded him as reigning Fürst. Already before he succeeded some mental problems of the new Fürst had showed. Even as a child Friedrich Karl began with the installation of its natural history collection from which later the Natural History Museum of Rudolstadt  emerged. The first natural history collection visited the Prince in 1743 in Greiz. In 1757 he introduced in Ludwigsburg, the "Princely Natural History Collection" , which was later extended and in the 19th Century seven rooms of the castle occupied. 1919  the collection was moved to  Heidecksburg Castle. Friedrich Karl corresponded among other things, Johann Heinrich Merck , leaving him rhinoceros bones and other pieces from his collection for research . Even Johann August Ephraim Goeze (1731-1793), the physician Friedrich Heinrich Wilhelm Martini (1729-1778), the pastor Johann Samuel Schroeter (1735-1808) and Johann Ernst Immanuel Walch (1725-1778) used the Fürst as boyfriends and scientific relations . Their writings have been largely adopted in the library of his natural history collection and were dedicated to some extent even Friedrich Karl . So was approximately 1777 published third volume of Martini 's Conch Cabinets the header text " His  Serene  Highness , the Hereditary Prince Friedrich Karl of Schwarzburg- Rudolstadt, dedicated in subjection by the author " and the revised Nathanael Gottfried Leske work Naturalis Dispositio; Echinodermatum Jacob Theodor Klein , published in a second edition in Leipzig in 1778 ,  was also dedicated  to Karl Freidrich. In  1777 Karl Friedrich was awarded an honorary membership of the University of Erfurt for his scientific commitment . He was also a member of the society of nature-searching friends to Berlin. In 1792 he let the the comedy house  on the Anger built, inaugurated a few weeks after the death of the Fürst. From this Theater  whose head was 1793-1803 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , the Thuringian State Theater Rudolstadt emerged . In 1792 Fürst Karl Friedrich suffered a stroke and died on 13.04.1793.
He had in 1763 married to his cousin Princess Friederike zu Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, a daughter of Fürst Johann Friedrich. After her death in 1778 he married in 1780 Princess Auguste of Saxe-Gotha Altenburg. From his first marriage he had the following children

  • Friederike, died young
  • Friedrich Günther, succeeded his father as Fürst
  • Therese, died young
  • Karl Günther, married to Princess Ulrike of Hesse-Homburg
    • Friedrich, died young
    •  Heinrich, died young
    •  Adolf, married to Princess Marie of Schönburg-Waldenburg
      • Marie, married to Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II. of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
      •  Günther Victor, succeeded Fürst Georg as Fürst
      •  Thekla
      • Luise, died Young
    •  Karoline, married to Prince Georg of Anhalt
    • Wilhelm
    • Marie, married to Fürst Günther II. of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
  • Wihelmine, married  to Fürst Günther of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
  • Christiane, married to Landgrave Ernst Konstantiin  of Hesse-Philippsthal

Successor of Fürst Karl Friedrich was his oldest son Ludwig Friedrich II.   After Napoleon's victory at Jena in 1806 and Auerstedt the Principality was placed under forced french administration. This was on 24.03.1807 repealed. The skilful negotiation of the Chancellor Friedrich Wilhelm von Ketelhodt contributed to this. On 16.04.1807 the Principality joined the Confederation of the Rhine. Together with his highly educated wife made ​​Ludwig Friedrich the residence into a center of the arts. He founded the Rudolstadt Theater, although one of the smallest in Germany, but a significant venue. Fürst Ludwig Friedrich II. died on 28.04.1807 and his widow Karoline became Regent for the minor Heir.
Fürst Ludwig Friedrich II. had married in 1791 Princess Karoline of Hesse-Hom,burg and had four children with her.
  • Friedrich Günther, succeeded his father as Fürst
  • Thekla, married to Fürst Otto Victor of Schönburg-Waldenburg
  • Albert, succeeded his brother,l Fürst Friedrich Gunther as Fürst
  • Bernhard, died young
As after the death of Fürst Ludwig Friedrich II. the heir Friedrich Gunther was still a minor his mother Karoline becam,e Regent until he came of age in 1814. In  1810/11 he was sent for a year to study in Geneva. This served  among other things learning the French language. Apart from Switzerland visited the Friedrich Günther Italy. Also at a young age he accompanied 1813/14 his uncleLandgrave Philip of Hesse -Homburg in the war against France and was able to observe the events . Friedrich Günther married in 1816 in her first marriage Auguste of Anhalt- Dessau. His wife died in 1854 , and it was later followed by two non- befitting marriages. These compounds called great criticism from the Principality.  In 1814 Friedrich Günther became reigning Fürst and remained so for 53 years. This makes him the Schwarzburger  regent with the longest reign. He was rather disinterested in government affairs and left the decisions to other people. His mother still had influence in the principality. On 08.01.1816 Fürst Friedrich Günther issued a constitution. The rights of the Diet were upgraded. Now the Fürst required the consent of the Diet for  the collection of taxes and the adoption of laws . The Principality had previously in 1815 became a member of the German Confederation. Later  the country joined the German Zollverein . The constitution of the North German Confederation entered into force shortly after the death of Friedrich Günther . After internal political unrest Friedrich Günther introduced on  10.03.1848 press freedom . This he simply eliminated back later. In addition, in 1854 the parties and clubs were banned. Economically, the country was backward . Fürst Friedrich Günther died on 28.06.1867 and was succeeded by his brother Albert.
He had been married thee times. First he married in 1816 Prince Auguste of Anhalt-Dessau. After her death in 1854 he conducted in 1855 a morganatic marriage with Countess Helene of Reina a daughter of Prince Georg of Anhalt and his morgantic wife Therese von Erdmannsdorf. Although she was before the marriage adopted by her uncle Prince Georg of Anhalt-Dessau. In the marriage contract  it was regulated that the issue of this marriage would not have title and rank of Prince or Princess, nor title of Count/Countess of Schwarzburg, but would have succession rights after the extinction of the male line of Rudolstadt.  This received the consent of the Rudolstadt agnates, but not those of the Sondershausen agnates, who had succession rights by virtue of the family pact of 1713.  The children of this marriage where created Prince/Princess of Leutenberg short after their birth. On 21.04.1896 the son of this marriage Prince Sizzo of Leutenberg was recognized as member of the princely House by then still living 3 male members of the line Rudolstadt and Sondershausen and given succession rights.
As Helene died short after giving biorth to twins in 1860 Fürst Friedrich Günther made in 1861 again a morganatic marriage to ´Marie schuklz who was created Countess of Brockenburg. This marriage remained without Issue.
He had the following children
from his first marriage:
  • Günther, died young
  • Günther, died young
  • Gustav Adolf, died young
from his second marriage:
  • Sizzo, succeeded Fürst Günther Victor as Head of the Princely House
  • Helene, married to Prince Hans of Schoenaich-Carolath
As Fürst Friedrich Günther left only his son Sizzo from his second morganatic marriage his brother Albert became his successor. He had in 1814/15 served in the war against Napoleon and moved to Paris. Albert was awarded the Iron Cross Second Class for his services . In 1814 he was second lieutenant in the Prussian army. In this role, Albert served under Lieutenant General Ludwig of Hesse -Homburg, his uncle. While the soldiers years the prince was often a guest at the Prussian court .  There he met his future wife Auguste, a daughter of Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Solms-Braunfels and niece of King Friedrich Wilhelm III.  The wedding took place on 27.07.1827 at Schönhausen Castle. After the death of his older brother, Fürst Friedrich Günther in 1867 he took over  the regency of the Principality. At the beginning of his reign, the constitution of the North German Confederation came on 01.07.1867 in force . On 23.10.1869 he dissolved Parliament because of a  conflict due to planned tax increases. His son George Albert reinstated the Parliament. Fürst Albert died on 26.11.1869.
From, his marriage to Princess Auguste zu Solms-Braunfels he had four children
  • Karl, died young
  • Elisabeth, married to Früst Leopold III. zur Lippe
  • Georg, succeeded his father as Fürst
  • Ernst Heinrich, died young
The new Fürst Georg had after studies in Bonn joined the prussian military. He served in 1859 as a first lieutenant in the Garde du Corps Regiment. In 1864 he was adjutant of Lieutenant General Gustav of the Mülbe. During the campaign in 1864 he participated in the storming of the Diippel. The German war of 1866 he made with as captain in the Cuirassier Regiment No. 4 . Even adfter he had in 1869 become the reinging Fürst  of Schwarzburg- Rudolstadt  he remained in the Prussian military. He was during the Franco-German war the General Staff of the 8th Infantry Division. Het was involved in the battles of Sedan and Beaumont. and was also present at the  proclamation of the German Empire at Versailles. In 1876 he became Chief of Dragoons 6. For the duration of the autumn exercises he  was from 05.08.1880 commissioned with the leadership of the 8 Division. On 22.03.1883 he was promoted to General of Cavalry and on 25.06.1886 he became a Knight of the Black Eagle Order. Fürst Georg loved as a troop leader petty inspect and watched as a country gentleman with the telescope from Heidecksburg the people of Rudolstadt.  The government activity he left to his Ministers.] In his reign the parliament forced by refusing to increase taxes for military purposes in 1870 the introduction of a relatively progressive bvoting right. They were concerned with general , direct and secret elections of male nationals. The direct influence of the Fürst to the Parliament became impossible. The Social Democrats criticized the ruler for ideological reasons and because of his personal fortune . The Knopfmacher August Welke had in 1871 obtained in the sub-rule Frankenhausen for the Social Democrats , the first mandate of a German state parliament . Fürst Georg also had in 1871 passed the Foreign and Defence Policy and the legislation in economic and transport issues to the German Reich. Fürst Georg died on 19,.01.1891. As he remained unmarried he left no descendants and was succeeded by his distant Cousin Günther Victor.
The new Fürst Günther Victor who came from a Junior line of the Family had originally prepared for a life as soldier. The Franco-German War of 1870 prompted him  to leave the school. He  was then used in a regiment under his brother-in-law Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II. of Mecklenburg -Schwerin. In 1871 he  was exempted from military service and studied in Leipzig law and political sciences as well as art history. In 1874 he became again active soldier  Lieutenant and Captain in the Hanover Lancers Regiment 13 After the death of the reigning Fürst Georg on 19.01.1890  Günther Victor took over as successor of his second Cousin ​​the government. According to the Constitution of March 1854 the Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was a constitutional monarchy. Fürst Günther Victor lived extremely withdrawn and avoided the public. The affairs of goverment he left to the Minister of State.] In November 1890, Günther Victor became engaged  to Princess   Luise  of Saxe-Altenburg. The engagement was released again in 1891. The fiancé were not able to get along. Still in 1891  followed by the engagement and marriage with his cousin Princess Anna Luise of Schönburg-Waldenburg. After on 28.03.1909 Fürst  Karl Günther von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen died childless and the Sondershauser line  became extinct in the male line Günther Victor became according to the House Treaty of 1713  also Fürst of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen in personal union. Therefore the part Rudolstadt fell off on from the Family Name and the Regent became Fürst of Schwarzburg. A union of the two principalities failed in particular because of the different constitutional rights. Both Rudolstadt and Sondershausen were residence cities and both Principalities continued to have its own voice in the Bundesrat of the German Empire. The November Revolution of 1918 led to and End of the monarchy. With a law introduced on  22.11.1918 by Fürst Günther Victor the Parkliament adopted and confirmed an settled Agreement about possession and assets . The Kammergut with 22,600 hectares , the coin collection in Rudolstadt and the collection of arms in the armory of the castle Schwarzburg became the property of the state. The former ruler was awarded a lifetime annual pension of 150,000 marks and rights to use the Schwarzburg Castle, hunting lodge Rathsfeld and some rooms at Heidecksburg Castle. In addition, was the substance of locks his property and it stood him hunting rights in the Schwarzburger Forest  and fishing rights in the Schwarzau to . On 23.11.1918 lied Fürst Günther Viktor the government affairs for Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and on 25.11. 1918 for Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen down . He was was thus the longest reigning  ruler the German Empire. Fürst Günther Viktor died on 16.04.1925. Since his marriage to Princess Anna Luise of Schönburg-Waldenburg remained childless Prinz Sizzo, the son of the morganatic marriage of Fürst Freidrich Güpnther and Couzntess helene of Reina, who had been reognized as Dynast in 1896 succeeded him as Head of the Princely House.

Prince Sizzo and his twin sister Helene where short after their birth created Prince/Princess of Leutenberg by their father. After the death of his father in 1867 Sizzo inherited the possessions in Harthau and Goldbach . Since he was only seven years old, his possessions were administered for him.  In Breslau Sizzo joined in 1880 the body Cuirassier Regiment "Great Elector " No. 1. On 29.03.1881 he was appointed lieutenant. 1887 , during his two and a half years of commanding the embassy in Brussels him the Prädikat of "Serene Higness"  has been disputed . In the fall of 1890 Sizzo received by Fürst Günther Victor the Schwarzburger  Order who had been founded by his father. In the same year he received the news of trouble on his property in Harthau and Goldbach . Then he took leave from military service and settled in October 1892 after Harthau . The following year, the ten year reconstruction of almost all buildings began. The inn was thoroughly renovated in 1899 /1900. The inauguration took place in autumn 1900. In commemoration of the descent of the Prince from the Schwarzburgs the inn now bore the name "For Kyffhaeuser " because that Kyffhaeuser Mountains belonged to the Principality . On 02.06.1896  Sizzo was recognized as Prinz of Prince of  Schwarzburg.-Rudolstadt and got succession rights in Schwarzburg- Rudolstadt. The line Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen gave no consent. it followed only later when the house Schwarzburg-Sondershausen was before extinction.  For the inauguration of the monument Kyffhaeuser in Thuringia on 18.06.1896 , in honor of Emperor Wilhelm I and the Emperor Barbarossa he was given him the Red Eagle Order first class. Sizzo married on 25.01.1897 in Dessau Princess Alexandra of Anhalt, daughter of the reigning Duke Friedrich I of Anhalt . After the honeymoon  the couple moved on 22.03.1897 into  Großharthau . After the death of Fürst Günther Victor on 16.04.1925 Sizzo succeeded him as Head of the whole house of Schwarzburg . He died a year later on 24.03.1036 in Großharthau and was  buried in the Park of Großharthau .

Prinz Sizzo and his wife Princess Aexandra had 3 children
  • Marie Antoinette, married to Count Friedrich Magnus zu Solms-Wildenfels
  • Irene
  • Friedrich Günther, who succeded his father as head of the Princely House
After the death of Prince Sizzo his only son Friedrich Günther succeeded him as head of the Princely House. After finishing high school in Dresden he had learned the forestry on small know . On 07.03.1938 he married in  Heinrichau in Silesia Princess Sophie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, a daughter of the last reigning Grand Duke Wilhelm Ernst of Saxe-Weimar- Eisenach. The couple  were divorced in the same year . Friedrich Günther took part in the Second World War and the Invasion of France, he was promoted to sergeant . He was dismissed in 1943 by Hitler's Prince Adoption from the service. By war's end, he came rarely after Großharthau . In April 1945, he fled from Großharthau with the bike in the direction of to saxonian Switzerland. From there he went to Heidelberg  where he was followed by his mother in 1946. In the then Soviet occupation zone of Saxony was adopted the "Regulation on the agricultural land reform" in September 1945 by the then provincial administration, which Friedrich Günther was expropriated without compensation. His property was divided and went largely into public ownership. He lived after the war in Heidelberg and painted quite like pictures with motifs from Großharthau . Prince Friedrich Günther died on 09.11.1971 in Munich. As he was unmarried and the last member of the House of Schwarzbzurg with his death the House became extinct. 


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